Types of iron sole coatings:
- Stainless steel. These are soles with good thermal conductivity, they glide easily, smooth out fabric folds well. They differ in durability, are not subject to corrosion, and the cost of irons with such a sole is low. Manufacturers make adjustments by inventing additional spraying. The most common spraying is chrome. Corrosion decreases with it, and the life of the device increases. Today in stores you can find sapphire powder spraying. Such a sole glides, irones and is durable. The cost of a sapphire iron is high;
- Ceramics. Such soles are also in great demand due to the low price and good glide on the fabric. But ceramics is a very fragile material, it cannot be damaged. Otherwise, the spraying just peels off. After some period of operation, soot forms on the enamel, which is difficult to remove. Some manufacturers make soles from cermets. Such surfaces have high wear resistance. The long term of operation and in their characteristics are similar to stainless steel;
- Titanium. Mostly with such soles, irons are made by Panasonic and Rowenta. This is a high-strength metal that is used in the construction of spacecraft. Chips and cracks do not form on it. The sole glides perfectly along the fabric and the temperature is evenly distributed. The disadvantages of such a sole: the iron weighs a lot, expensive and heats for a long time;
- Teflon coating. Such a sole easily strokes the material, glides well. Its characteristics are similar to aluminum: it is easily scratched. Sludge is not formed on the material.
Which sole of the iron is better ceramics or stainless steel?
Compare two materials for the manufacture of the sole of the device by the following criteria:
- Weight. A stainless steel iron is heavier than ceramic, but has another advantage: it can accelerate when gliding over a fabric. Irons with ceramics weigh no more than 1, 5 kg;
- Strength. The stainless steel is durable. It does not form cracks and chips, it glides well. Ceramics should not be damaged so that ceramics do not peel off;
- Uniformity of heating. Stainless steel evenly distributes heat. Ceramics most often it is only a sole covering. For the base, a material with good thermal conductivity is selected;
- Slip. The slip in both types of soles is perfect;
- Price. The cost of the device with a stainless steel sole is higher than that of ceramics.
In many ways, stainless steel is superior to ceramics, but to get such a high-quality iron, the buyer will have to fork out.
Ceramics or cermets?
Irons made of ceramics and cermets are only gaining their popularity.
The ceramic sole glides and copes with even the most difficult folds. It quickly warms up and retains heat for a long time. Such devices save energy and are easy to clean. They are cleaned only with special tools that do not scratch the enamel and remove dirt.
Cermet practically does not differ from ceramics. But ceramics are more fragile and are easily damaged by lightning, buttons. Cermets are more durable, its service life is increased. The sole of such an iron is less fragile, and other ceramic properties are preserved.
Aluminum Iron Soles
Advantages and disadvantages
When you turn on the iron, this surface heats up easily and cools quickly. The big drawback is that the material is very soft, when ironing things, it is easy to scratch with fittings (lock, metal button). The minus is that if the device itself is not set to the desired mode, then the sole will quickly become hot and the risk of burning things will increase.
Today, manufacturers often use anodized aluminum for their iron surfaces. With it, the fabric does not burn. But even with such a spraying, the metal does not become less rigid. Sometimes an alloy of aluminum and stainless steel is used for the iron. This combination gives the sole strength, quick heat, low weight. Pros: such irons are universal and widespread, and their price is not high.
What is the best sole for iron?
The best, according to experts, is a stainless steel sole. She is not afraid of blows, does not chip, evenly distributes heat. Unlike Teflon and ceramics, it is not scratched. Compared to aluminum, it is difficult to scratch, with an incorrectly set mode, such an iron will not burn through the fabric.
Which irons have the best coverage?
- Cermets. For example (model Tefal FV 3925), this is a good device for use at home, with an average price. There is steam supply, steam boost, water does not leak. The iron has an automatic steam setting, it adjusts its selection depending on the ironing mode. The sole glides well;
- Ceramics. For example (Scarlett model SC-SI30K15), the cost of the device is budgetary, but this does not affect the quality of ironing. There is a function of the formation of drops when the iron cools down. It shuts off itself if not used for several minutes;
- Sapphire spraying. For example (model Braun TexStyle 770 TP), the device is not heavy, glides smoothly, is equipped with a long cord, and easily handles ironing of delicate fabrics. The handle is equipped with plastic inserts, which prevents it from sliding in the hand. Large water tank. There is vertical steaming;
- Stainless steel. For example (Polaris PIR 1004T model), such a model is compact that travelers will really like. There is a steam boost. Ergonomic, lightweight, heats up quickly, the handle folds.
The device has an ergonomic shape and low weight. It is convenient for them to iron even inaccessible places. Good glide on the fabric, does not burn through the fabric, does not leave glossy spots.
Iron sole care (tips for housewives)
Cleaning can be chemical or mechanical. Cope with limescale ordinary soda. To do this, place a soda with water and rub the sole slightly.
Attention: such a measure is not suitable for an aluminum sole. The remaining types of surfaces can be cleaned.
Another effective and neutral cleaning agent is citric acid. To do this, squeeze the juice from half a lemon. It is diluted with warm filtered water and remove pollution with cotton pads moistened with this composition.
Lime deposits appear over time, not only on the sole, but also inside the iron and steam holes. The usual "Anti-scale" will help, which removes plaque inside the kettle. We dilute the product and pour it into the water tank. We set the maximum temperature and set it for 20 minutes in an upright position. Then iron the unnecessary thing, which can then be thrown away until the water in the tank runs out.
Then fill in clean water and repeat ironing again until the water runs out.
Ceramics are cleaned at home using lemon juice and ammonia, applied to the flannel flap. You can use hydrogen peroxide for this.
So that the sole is less dirty, you need to follow the rules:
- Set the temperature correctly under each fabric. To do this, read the information on the label;
- Do not fill in plain tap water. Take distilled;
- Clean the sole immediately after ironing.
Conclusion and Conclusions
In order for the iron not to spoil things, you should pay attention to the selection criteria of the sole and the material from which the iron surface is made. The best materials for the sole at the moment are the copyright of iron manufacturers and stainless steel.
It is important to use the iron correctly, take care of it and constantly clean it. If you adhere to these recommendations, then ironing will be a pleasure, and there will be no marks on the fabric, tan marks and glossy spots.