Composition, characteristics and properties of an orthopedic mattress

What product can be called an orthopedic mattress? This is a mattress that does not cure spinal curvature and various pathologies, but helps to take an anatomical shape during sleep and eliminate pain.

It eliminates muscle cramps, thanks to the correct physiological position, it is possible to improve the nutrition of the spinal column. On such a mattress, a person is pleased to sleep, and in the daytime he feels good.

The composition of the orthopedic mattress, which fillers are

Block "Pocket spring" independent spring block

It consists of barrel-shaped springs, which are dressed in special covers made of durable non-woven material. The unit will support the human body in the correct position.

Due to the unique design, the springs respond to a point load, without using the rest of the "barrels". Such a point distribution of the weight of a lying person helps to relieve tension from the spine.

Bonnel block dependent spring block

The block is formed from cone-shaped springs that are framed by a metal frame. Despite the fact that their manufacturing technology has more than 60 years. They are one of the best-selling in European countries because of the affordable cost and long life.

For the manufacture of steel wire is used, thickness 2, 2 mm. From it and form five turns of the spring. The upper and lower turns have the same diameter: 90 mm. This design does not give the mattress the necessary rigidity and does not provide the orthopedic effect of the product.

Thermally pressed felt

The material is a synthesis of cotton and wool. It is durable, has a long service life, and has high wear resistance. The material is well ventilated, absorbs sound and vibration. It is independent of temperature changes.

As a rule, felt is used for insulation between the spring block and soft layers. Thanks to this elastic material, the load on the body of the sleeping person is evenly distributed, but at the same time, the felt is rather rigid and elastic material. He easily regains shape after a person gets up.

Coconut Coir

The material is made from coconut bark. The coir manufacturing cycle is 10 months. The fibers are cleaned, they are separated from the nut, cleaned and kept for a long period of time in water. Then the coir is dried in the sun. This material is reinforced with natural latex.

This procedure helps make the coir more reliable and durable. Koyra is often used to stiffen a mattress. It does not absorb moisture, kills germs and bacteria.

Natural latex

This is a natural material that is obtained from hevea juice. If it has a high juice content, then latex is afraid of light, fat. From these factors, its destruction occurs. Isoprene monomer is added to the latex. The material is used not only for the manufacture of mattresses, but also hats, tires, toys, rugs. Latex for mattresses is distinguished by manufacturing technology: the mixture is mixed, foamed, vulcanized.

After that, it is removed from the mold, checked for strength, weighed and packaged. The latex content does not have to be 100%. It can vary from 45 to 65%. It is such latex that is the most wear-resistant, resilient and has good elasticity. Natural rubber is well springy, ventilated, it is durable and hygienic, does not rustle.

A more detailed article on what latex is.

Polyurethane foam

This is the second name for artificial latex obtained by artificial means. It has a democratic value, is orthopedic material. It has good ventilation properties and a long service life.

Viscoelastic foam with shape memory

it NASA development for flights into space, which easily remembers the contour of the body as the material heats up and the pressure of the human body. The foam is light, almost weightless, prevents the formation of pressure sores. It has good orthopedic properties and evenly distributes the body load, taking care of relieving muscle tension.

Sheep's wool

Such material is obtained from sheared wool. It is soft, it has good thermal insulation. It is warm to sleep on in winter, it removes moisture from the body well and evaporates it. The material has a high degree of elasticity.

Cotton wool

Weave cotton fibers. The material is natural, absorbs moisture well, has antistatic properties.


A novelty in the world of synthetic materials, which in its properties is close to latex. It has a high degree of elasticity, with a long service life, holds body weight well. Prolatex is an alternative for people who like mattresses with an independent block, very soft and body-friendly material.


A nonwoven fabric material that consists of a polyester fabric thermally bonded to each other. Soldering it occurs using a wave of hot air.

In a section, a struttofiber resembles a soufflé with alternating thick and thin layers. Often it is supplemented with phytocomponents or wool.

Three-dimensional fabric

Relief knitted material with a relief structure, having good heat transfer, freely passes air. Often in mattresses they put him in the lumbar region.

Protective screen

This material is a polyamide-based mesh that prevents the layers of the mattress from touching the spring block. In this case, the protective screen has good air exchange.

What is the best filler composition?

It is difficult to unequivocally answer the question "what is the best filler for mattresses?" how many people, so many opinions. But rightfully one of the first places is occupied by products from natural latex.

Such a filler is always of good quality and has a long service life. Thanks to the porous structure, such products breathe, they withstand the heavy weight of a sleeping person and, despite heavy loads, quickly restore shape. There is no allergy to this material; it is environmentally friendly. Its only drawback: high price.

Description of orthopedic mattress


The concept of rigidity is evaluated by manufacturers on a five-point scale. The stiffness depends on the deformation of the product under weight and its resistance to load. If the mattress almost does not change under the human body and shows a lot of resistance, then it is considered hard. Typically, high rigidity of mattresses occurs in monoblock products or combined.

Medium hard

These mattresses are the most common and universal, are the most comfortable. If the mattress was not prescribed by the doctor, but he was chosen solely according to personal preference, then this is the best solution. It can be mattresses without springs, they combine a coconut coir with latex or PPU. Layers of equal thickness. Mattresses on the spring block can be either dependent or independent. The manufacturer distinguishes them by the degree of compression of the steel springs themselves.


If the mattress is soft, then it gives less resistance to the body. It adapts to body weight, maybe with and without springs. To make soft mattresses you need soft material. It can be polyurethane foam, felt, latex base. Materials have high elasticity, but quickly restore shape. With spring mattresses, I’ll forgive everyone; springs from thinner wires are used there, and the coils are larger in diameter than standard ones.


These are products whose top is different, for example, one of the sides can be stiff (coconut coir), and the second is made of a softer base (latex). Products can be of two types: spring and springless. The coconut coir layer is considered hard, and the latex filler, felt or PUF is soft. There are mattresses with the effect of "summer-winter". On one side there is a layer for laying, aimed at heat preservation. On such a layer, for example, covered with wool, they sleep in the winter months, and in summer it is preferable to relax on the side of linen or cotton.

Which mattress is better to choose

Mattresses should be selected based on spinal problems and weight. If the weight exceeds one hundred kilogramsthen doctors recommend sleeping on hard mattresses for weight up 90 kg it is better to use products with medium or low hardness. On soft mattresses, it is not recommended to rest people with a sore back. This option does not give the desired orthopedic effect and will not keep your back in the right position.

Properties of an orthopedic mattress


  • mattresses with independent springs are perfect for following all the doctor's recommendations;
  • long term of operation;
  • does not lose shape;
  • relieve stress;
  • give a comfortable back rest, relaxing muscles.


  • the topcoat may be hard. This problem is easily eliminated by a mattress cover;
  • due to filling with natural material it can be very expensive

How to choose an orthopedic mattress


First you need to decide what type of mattress you need: spring or without springs. In a mattress on a spring block, it is believed that the more springs there are in the block, the better. Spring-filled mattresses are cheaper than other mattresses. But if the turns are too large in diameter, then this will weaken the orthopedic effect.

If the spine is curved, then you should buy only a mattress with independent springs. It is more convenient to sleep on products with a large number of turns; they are more convenient and healthier. Mattresses without springs have a high cost, their properties are better than those of a spring unit. On non-spring blocks, teenagers or old people are better off sleeping. Such products do not creak, the load is evenly distributed, and the muscles relax.


The spring mattress is filled with many curls inside, and the springless one consists of PUF, latex, coconut coir and other materials. Batting can stray into lumps, it will not be very comfortable sleeping on it, and its orthopedic properties are small.

Felt - practical material with long operation. The best filling for the mattress is coconut fiber. They have a high cost, but they can be used for a long time and give them a big load.

Latex It is also a material with a high orthopedic effect. At the same time, this filler is natural, although very expensive. Filler also needs to be selected depending on those properties that are necessary for the consumer (softness, rigidity, practicality, naturalness, etc.).

Case When buying, it’s important to choose the right cover, mattress pad, which will help preserve the properties of the mattress for many years. It is best to use mattress covers made of natural fabrics, such as linen or cotton. Such properties as hypoallergenicity, practicality and environmental friendliness are important for mattress topper fabric. Size is chosen as follows: 20 cm is added to the person’s height (this is the length). And the width is most often standard and corresponds to the size of a berth (80, 90, 140, 160, 180 or 200 cm).

Watch the video: MIT Technology Day 1999"The Human Body: Emerging Medical Science and Technology" (November 2019).


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